In Vitro Fertilization IVF Procedure | Embryon Fertility Center

In-Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization (IVF) in the simplest sense is fertilization of a woman’s egg cell outside of her body. It was originally developed as a way to allow women with blocked or absent fallopian tubes to become pregnant.

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IVF In-Vitro Fertilization

This critically timed, carefully coordinated procedure involves removing the mature eggs from a woman’s ovary, fertilizing them with sperm, incubating the resulting embryos in a laboratory under carefully monitored conditions, then transferring the developing embryos into the woman’s uterus with hopes of establishing implantation.

Many patients are surprised to learn that IVF is not their only treatment option. However, IVF would be the first line of treatment for patients with the following conditions:

IVF process

IVF process

To make a baby we need :

A HEALTHY EGG

A healthy egg from a partner or donor

HEALTHY SPERM

Healthy sperm from a partner or donor

A MEETING PLACE

A place for the sperm and egg to meet and grow (a healthy, receptive uterus)

This may require working with…

A HEALTHY EGG

A healthy egg from a partner or donor

HEALTHY SPERM

Healthy sperm from a partner or donor

A MEETING PLACE

A place for the sperm and egg to meet and grow (a healthy, receptive uterus)

We work with sperm banks, egg donors, and agencies to help our patients secure what they need to achieve their parenting dreams. The process can be as simple as ordering donor sperm or locating an appropriate egg donor or gestational carrier, or as complex as planning for all three.

Whatever your needs, we’re here to help. We’ll find a plan that works for you.

Treatment Begins

Oral contraceptive pills may begin on day 2 to 4 of your cycle after all pre-treatment testing has been completed. Birth control pills may be taken anywhere from two to five weeks. These will reduce the risk of ovarian cysts forming, aid in the synchronization of follicular growth, and help in the coordination and planning of your fertility care.

An IVF cycle begins with ovarian stimulation and ultrasound monitoring. A baseline pelvic ultrasound will ensure a healthy starting point before initiating medication for the stimulation and assessment of egg production. You will take hormone injections to recruit multiple eggs from your ovaries. During this time, follicular development and hormone levels will be monitored for appropriate growth for several days. Once your follicles have reached the ideal size, you will be ready for egg retrieval.

A custom medication will be administered 36 hours on-site prior to the retrieval of your eggs.

Approximately two to three office visits will be conducted for ultrasounds and for the assessment of blood hormone levels in order to accurately assess egg maturity and in 7-10 days you will be ready for egg collection. Embryon provides daily support onsite for patients uncomfortable self-injecting and for our clients from abroad this support is offered through video calls.

Ultrasound-guided, transvaginal egg retrieval is a procedure in which a long, thin needle is passed through the vaginal wall into the ovary. Our specialist aspirates the follicles from each ovary and the follicular fluid is collected in test tubes, where our embryologist carefully searches for the eggs. The eggs are cleaned, counted, and placed in an incubator. Later that day, the eggs are fertilized with sperm by Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or by traditional IVF.

During IVF, your embryos are cultured between 3 days – 6 days in a temperature-controlled incubator. Each day the embryos are evaluated for quality and development. This information is shared with our specialists to help determine the appropriate day for embryo transfer, which is typically performed on day three or day five of embryo culture. Our embryologists will call you to update you on the embryo quality and to answer any questions you may have.

Embryos are typically transferred back to the uterus on day 3 or day of 5 of their development, when the embryo is at a multicell stage, or day 5 or 6, when the embryo is at a blastocyst stage. This simple procedure usually requires no anesthesia. Your doctor and embryologist will discuss the number of embryos to transfer that will provide you the highest probability of success. You will be given ample time to discuss your embryos and decide on the number of embryos to transfer.

Is a test used to determine the receptivity of the endometrium. ERA may increase the chance of pregnancy by predicting the ideal time for the implantation of the embryo during an IVF cycle.

A biopsy of endometrial tissue is taken and analyzed. Results will indicate whether the endometrium was receptive or non-receptive at the time the biopsy was taken. ERA links to a major improvement of in overall pregnancy rate.

EmbryoGlue is not an actual glue, but acts like glue by increasing the chance of implantation of the embryo to the womb. This transfer medium contains a substance known as hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is found in the human uterus, and by adding it to the culture media it more closely mimics the natural environment.

Assisted hatching is a scientific IVF technique that requires a laser which creates a hole in the zona of the embryos and in this way it can make it easier for the embryo to “hatch” or breakthrough its outer layer or “shell” by creating an opening. In some situations, this layer is abnormally thick and/or hardened with the freezing and thawing process, among other contributing factors. The less difficulty the embryo has in hatching, the better its chance of attaching or implanting into the wall of the uterus. Pregnancy cannot occur unless the embryo hatches and implants, and assisted hatching can play a key role in realizing these crucial steps.

We will schedule your pregnancy test approximately 10 -15 days after your transfer. When your first pregnancy test is positive, a repeat value will be obtained approximately 48 to 96 hours later. To confirm the positive pregnancy test, we will schedule gestational scan two weeks following the second pregnancy test. At this visit we will be confirming the implantation of embryo(s) and fetal heart motion.

As modern society increases it’s pace, more and more women are postponing starting a family. There can be many reasons which may preclude a woman from starting a family during her most fertile window or selecting to be a mother at a later stage.

  • Finding the right partner
  • Health issues
  • Second marriage
  • Career priorities
  • Financial obstacles

Creating a family is a gift at any age and we are here to help. Our team of open-minded experts believes the gift of reproductive medicine should be offered to any patient in need. We have assisted countless women over the age of 50, from Cyprus and beyond, achieve healthy pregnancy without complication. Due to the fact that the uterus ages very slowly, women have the opportunity to create a receptive environment, even at advanced age, for embryos to grow, making the dream of parenthood completely achievable.

A Frozen Embryo Transfer is a cycle in which frozen embryos from a previous IVF or donor egg cycle are thawed and then transferred into a woman’s uterus. A frozen embryo transfer is an option if:

  • Medically Advised
  • Easier to Plan
  • Remaining Embryos

Mini IVF is IVF with a reduced or minimal stimulation protocol. You may see terms like mini, miniature, micro, low stim/stimulation, or even natural to describe this treatment because there is no industry standard terminology. By using less medication , in some cases, one is usually able to produce a small number of high-quality eggs while inflicting less stress on the body and reducing the risk of hyperstimulation. Attributing higher quality to the fewer eggs produced is the motivation for this protocol.

A Natural Cycle IVF involves egg collection aligned with your natural menstrual cycle; there are no stimulation drugs or injections involved. It works in sync with your menstrual cycle to collect the egg naturally selected by your body.